This publication stemmed from the First Nation's Child and Family Task Force. Six members of this task force were appointed by the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs and the federal and provincial governments. The task force was guided by a jointly drafted terms of reference, a steering committee, a panel of resource members and consultations with the First Nations community. This publication explored the Child and Family Services provided to First Nations children and identified the strengths and weaknesses of the current system. The task force developed a plan of action for addressing immediate services and operational issues in First Nations agencies as well as a strategy for longer-term structural changes. This report is one of the only documents which attempt to identify the technical elements for implementing a self-governed child welfare system for First Nation communities. It lays out a plan that is community driven but which pays no attention to the broader political and constitutional issues.